CIR & PIR Fibers

  • Update:Jun 13, 2017
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Chalcogenide IR-Glass Fiber (CIR Fiber) Chalcogenide Infra Red (CIR) glasses are the best As2S3-based material for fiber optics in the range of 1.5-6m.

Product Introduction

Chalcogenide IR-Glass Fiber (CIR Fiber)

Chalcogenide Infra Red (CIR) glasses are the best As2S3-based material for fiber optics in the range of 1.5-6μm. CIR fibers transmit IR-radiation in the gap between silica fibers (0.2-2.4μm) and Polycrystalline Infra Red (PIR) fibers (4-18μm). CIR fiber is drawn in core/clad structure with double polymer coating and characterized by a low optical losses and high flexibility.

The innovative glass purification process provides the attenuation spectra free from OH absorption band at 3μm and thus it enables CIR fiber to be used for Er:YAG laser power delivery.

Features:

Applications

Fiber specification

Transmission Range 1.5 - 6μm
Core/Clad Structure As2S3/As-S
Core/Clad Diameter 200-500/300-600μm
Core Refractive Index 2.4
Effective NA 0.28
Protective Coating Double Polymer Jacket
Ambient Temperature Range 270 - 370 K

CIR Infrared Optical Fiber Standard Cables

Chalcogenide Infra Red (CIR) (1.5 - 6μm) fiber is drawn in core/clad structure with double polymer coating and characterized by a low optical losses and high flexibility. Delivery is from stock or within few weeks ARO. All standard cables include PEEK-polymer protective jacket and SMA termination.

Polycrystalline Infra Red Fibers (PIR – Fibers)

The development of specialty fibers for the Mid-Infrared region has resulted in a unique product - Core/Clad Polycrystalline Infra-Red (PIR-) fibers. The PIR-fibers are non-toxic, very flexible, transparent across a broad spectral region4 -18μm and capable of operating over the wide temperature range of 4K up to 420K. They are manufactured in a core/clad structure of superior quality from pure AgCl: AgBr solid solution crystals using an innovative vacuum extrusion method. They possess by no aging effect compared to an alternative bare core fiber. The range of PIR-fiber cables are available with a durable PEEK polymer jacket and terminations using either an SMA - type connector with a Ti or polymer ferrule or special one, manufactured on customer request. A wide variety of different optical coupling units can also be designed & fabricated for specialized customer requirements.

Fiber Features:

Standard Fiber Specification:

Standard Fiber Core/Clad Diameters Other fiber diameters in 0.3-1.5mm range are also available (request on special fabrication) 240/300, 400/500, 630/700, 900/1000μm
Transmission range 4-18μm
Attenuation at 10.6μm 0.1-0.5 dB/m
Refractive index 2.15
Standard Effective NA 0.25
Laser Damage Threshold for CW CO2-laser >12 kW/cm2
Melting point 415°C
Tensile strength >100 MPa
Minimum Bending Radius (fixed) 10x[Fiber Diameter]
Minimum Elastic Bending Radius 100x[Fiber Diameter]

PIR-fibers are protected by a loose PEEK-jacket (PolyEtherEtherKetone) to provide stiff, flexible and hermetic protection against mechanical, photoinduced and chemical damage over a wide temperature range up to 250°C.

Standard Cable termination with a special Ti-ferrule SMA-connector:

PIR-fiber end-surface treatment:

Options

Diverse Methods of AR-coating and SMART-treatment

Comparison of Standard and Spectral PIR-fibers

Applications

Comparison of CIR- and PIR-Fibers

Typical transmission spectra of 1.5m long PIR-900/1000 fiber (red) versus CIR-750/850 fiber (blue) (includes reflection & coupling losses at fiber ends without AR coating and some absorption bands of atmospheric moisture, etc.)

Typical specification of CIR- and PIR-fibers

No. Parameter CIR-Fiber PIR-Fiber
1 Transmission range 1.5 to 6μm or 1600- 6500cm-1 3 to 18μm or 550 - 3300cm-1
2. Core/Clad structure materials Chalcogenide As-S glasses AgCl:AgBr solid solution crystals
3. Specific Features Toxic & Fragile, Non-hygroscopic Non-toxic, Non-hygroscopic, very flexible, slightly UV-sensitive
4. Core/Clad diameter 200-500/300-600μm 400/500, 630/700, 700x700, 900/1000μm
5. Core refractive index 2,4 2,2
6. Effective NA 0,28 0,25
7. Optical losses Minimum of 0,2dB/m at wavelengths 2-4μm Minimum of 0,2-0,3dB/m at wavelengths 10-12μm
8. Operation temperature From 270 to 370K From 4 to 420K
9. Max length of cable Up to 50-100 meters Up to 20-40 meters

Comparison of PIR- and CIR-Fibers Transmission Spectra for 1.5m length

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