Beam Steering Mirror (Voice-coil Mirror)

  • Update:Jun 10, 2020
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We are developing 2D beam steering solutions that can be used in reflection mode (2D mirror) or in transmission mode (tunable prism).

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Whether in R&D or in product development, our disruptive 2D beam steering solutions offer completely new design and integration possibilities. They can be used in reflection mode (2D mirror) or in transmission mode (tunable prism).

beam steering mirror beam steered mirror

Main features:

  1. 2D beam deflection with a single optical element
  2. Large clear apertures and beam angles
  3. Compact & lightweight

Dual axis vector scan mirror with position feedback

Our dual axis mirrors (called as voice-coil mirror, scan mirror, beam steering mirror) offer the benefit of large deflections and large mirror size in a compact package. The actuator is based on proven technologies. A built-in position feedback allows it to be accurately controlled with a standard PID controller. The virtual rotation point of our 2D mirrors is close to the mirror surface which makes 2D scanning straight forward. Applications range from automotive (LiDAR, dynamic headlights, ADAS) and vision (field-of-view expansion, zoom) to biometric (eye-tracking), diagnostics and 3D printing.

Tunable prism for laser alignment and image stabilization

Our tunable prism (TP) is suitable for optical alignment and beam-steering in transmission. The core element can be combined with your preferred actuation method and achieve a compact form factor. The low absorption makes it suitable for high-power applications. Thanks to the low dispersion liquid it can also be used for polychromatic applications.

3D beam steering

Combining a 2D mirror for x/y with an electrically focus tunable lens allows you to direct your laser beam spot precisely and fast at any point within the addressable volume. This can be of interest for dynamic headlights, diagnostic and spectroscopic devices and 3D printing.

beam steering

1. Dual axis vector scan mirrors with position feedback

STOT-MR-15-30, STOT-MR-10-30

Compact, fast and precise beam steering

Our dual axis mirror series (called as beam steering mirror, scan mirror, voice-coil mirror) is the ideal choice for applications that require a large field of view combined with a compact form factor. With a package size of 30 x 14.5 mm it achieves up to ±25° mechanical tilt, corresponding to ± 50° optical deflection. The mirrors contain a position feedback system enabling accurate control of deflection angle within ±100 mrad using a standard PID controller.

In addition to the popular quasi-static version, two resonant versions are available: First, a single axis resonant mirror. Second, a linear axis combined with a perpendicular resonant axis. In contrast to galvo mirror heads, the rotation point is very close to the mirror surface. The mirrors are available for use with light in different wavelength ranges such as UV, VIS, and NIR.






Scan direction



Mechanical tilt angle

±25° X axis; ±25° Y axis

±25° (slow) X axis; ±12.5° (fast) Y axis

Mirror diameter

15 mm

10 mm

Resolution (closed loop)

<5 mrad

<5 mrad

Repeatability RMS (typical)

30 - 100 mrad

30 - 100 mrad (slow) X axis

Full scale bandwidth

20 Hz

20 Hz (slow) X axis; 280 Hz (fast) Y axis

Mirror coating

gold, protected silver

gold, protected silver

Mirror reflectivity (gold coating)

avg >97% for NIR

avg >97% for NIR

Mirror flatness (P-V)



2. Tunable prism for laser alignment and image stabilization STOT-TP-12-16

The tunable prism is a tunable wedge that allows to tilt two optically flat and AR coated glass windows with respect to each other. The two  glass windows are held together by a bellow structure that is filled  with a low dispersion clear optical fluid. The core element can be  integrated with a large variety of actuation principles such as  mechanical or motorized lead screws, voice-coil and piezo actuators.

The  following table outlines the specifications of our standard tunable  prism core element for a particular fluid. Cover glass coatings and  fluids can be adapted on demand.



Our tunable prism can be taylored to your specific requirements. Contact us with your requirements and we would be happy to assess the feasibility of your project.

The following table summarizes the main specifications of the STOT-TP-12-16:


Clear aperture

Outer diameter

Max mech. tilt angle

Max. optical deflection




+/- 20°


Mechanical Specifications:

Optical Specifications:

Beam deflection

The beam deflection of a ray passing through the wedge with an apex angle

Where n is the refractive index of the optical fluid inside the wedge.

beam steering

Optical layout

The following figure  contains the information needed to model the STOT-TP-12-16 for simulations.

beam steering

Transmission range

The optical fluid and the two glass windows are highly transparent and hardly absorbing in the range of  250 – 2500nm. The figures below show the transmission spectrum for the standard extended VIS coating (420- 950 nm) assuming normal incidence. By request cover glasses can be coated as desired.

beam steering

3. Mirror Driver STOT-MR-E-2

The STOT-MR-E-2 driver is an ideal solution for driving the MR-series 2D beam steering mirrors. It consists of a base unit containing control electronics and an integrated head unit with mirror and driving electronics. The driver in the standard version with housings can be used for testing and proof of concept work. The boards without housing are available as OEM version for integration with system electronics.

The driver is compatible only with our mirrors and allows various operation modes. The driver can be controlled from a host PC via our user interface. In addition, the driver offers the following communication interfaces:

Standard products

Mirror type included

Components included

STOT-MR-E-2 Base unit


STOT-MR-E-2 Base unit controller box, power supply, USB cable

STOT-MR-E-2 Mirror head gold


Mirror head (incl. mirror and cable) protection cap, heatsink

STOT-MR-E-2 Mirror head silver


Mirror head (incl. mirror and cable), protection cap, heatsink

STOT-MR-E-2 Mirror head custom

MR-C-15-30 (custom mirror), or resonant mirror MR-10-30-G/MR-10-30-PS

Mirror head (incl. mirror and cable), protection cap, heatsink

STOT-MR-E-2 OEM version


Carrier board (without housing), CPU board (without housing), proxy board (without mirror head), connection cable

4. Comparison of Scanning Technologies

 Tilt vs Mirror Size-competing technologies 

voice coil mirror

Voice-coil Mirror (VCM, beam steering mirror) in Comparison to MEMS and Galvo

beam steering mirror

Electrically Tunable Lens  Galvo Scanner